Our mission:

We aim to educate, both about the importance of ants to our environment and the ecosystems that are so unique and about the responsible handling of potentially invasive species.

We do not sell ants that are either invasive in Europe or endangered/protected in the region where they are being collected. 

What can you do?

Please do not support the trade with invasive ant species. These can damage our ecosystems irreversibly and not only cause harm to native ants but all species in these habitats.

Protected species in Germany

The mound-building forest ants, with the exception of the blood-red predatory ant (Formica (Raptiformica) sanguinea), are once again among the specially protected animal species according to the Ordinance on the Revision of the Federal Species Protection Ordinance and on the Adaptation of Further Legislation of 16 February 2005 (BGBl. I p. 258, ber. p. 896 / FNA 791-8-1).

§ Section 39 General protection of wild animals and plants; authorization to issue legal ordinances, contains the general protection that applies as a minimum protection for all wild animal species.

For the specially protected ant species, the general protection has been extended in § 44 BNatSchG.

According to this, forest ants and their developmental forms may not be taken from nature or even killed. Any interference with the nest structure is strictly prohibited.

There is an absolute ban on possession and marketing as well as a traffic ban for forest ants.

All violations are considered an administrative offense and may even be punished by imprisonment.

List of protected ant species in Germany

Formica aquilonia

Formica bruni

Formica exsecta

Formica foreli

Formica forsslundi

Formica lugubris

Formica nigricans

Formica polyctena

Formica pratensis

Formica pressilabris

Formica rufa

Formica truncorum

Formica uralensis

The current ants listed as “invasive species”

Ants listed by IUCN as one of the 100 most dangerous invasive species world-wide

Even though some of these species prefer warm climates, they can adapt extremely well and are therefore one of the greatest threats to our ecosystems and biodiversity.

Anoplolepis gracilipes (Yellow crazy ant)

Native: Africa

Invasive: Australia, Hawaii and the Indian Ocean

Linepithema humile (Argentine ant)

Native: South America

Invasive: all six continents in sub-tropical and temperate regions

Risk: decrease in ant biodiversity and the disruption of native ecosystems

Pheidole megacephala (African big-headed ant)

Native: South africa

Invasive: temperate and tropical climate zones around the world

Risk: It is a serious threat to biodiversity through the displacement of native invertebrate fauna and is a pest of agriculture as it harvests seeds and harbours phytophagous insects that reduce crop productivity. Pheidole megacephala are also known to chew on irrigation and telephone cabling as well as electrical wires.

Solenopsis invicta (Red imported fire ant)

Native: South America

Invasive: almost world-wide, in the northern hemisphere only indoors

Wasmannia auropunctata (Electric ant)

Native: South America

Invasive: Australia, Asia, Africa and the USA

Risk: reducing species diversity, reducing overall abundance of flying and tree-dwelling insects, and eliminating arachnid populations

Ants that are already or could become invasive in parts of europe in future

Lasius neglectus

Native: Asia

Invasive: Europe

Risk: negative effects are caused by the enormous numbers of ants tending aphids on trees and occupation of electrical conduits in homes and gardens.

Monomorium pharaonis (Pharaoh ant)

Native: India or Africa

Invasive: on all six continents but in temperate climate only inside buildings

Risk: Due to Monomorium pharaonis’ ability to act as a vector for some bacterial human pathogens, its presence in hospitals is of great concern as it may increase infection rates.

Paratrechina longicornis (Crazy ant)

Native: Africa

Invasive: world-wide

Solenopsis geminata (Tropical fire ant)

Native: from Southern USA to Northern South America

Invasive: almost world-wide

Risk: crop damage caused by its tending of honeydew-producing insects

Tapinoma melanocephalum (ghost ant)

Native: Unknown

Invasive: indoor areas world-wide

Risk: can transport pathogenic microbes in hospitals

Tapinoma sessile

Native: North America

Invasive: Europe and Asia

Ants that are invasive in certain regions so far

Lepisiota frauenfeldi (Browsing ant)

Invasive: Australia

Monomorium destructor (Singapore ant)

Native: from India to Africa

Risk: Monomorium destructor is known to cause extensive economic damage in urban environments by gnawing holes in fabric and rubber goods, removing rubber insulation from electric and phone lines and damaging polyethylene cable.

Monomorium floricola (Brownish-red flower ant)

Invasive: tropical and sub-tropical regions

Myrmica rubra (European fire ant)

Native: Europe and Asia

Invasive: only in North America

Nylanderia (Paratrechina) pubens (Caribbean crazy ant)

Native: South America and the caribbean

Invasive: in Buildings

Risk: especially problematic because it is known to accumulate in electrical equipment causing short circuits, clogging switching mechanisms, and causing equipment failure.

Pachycondyla chinensis (Asian needle ant)

Native: East Asia

Invasive: in the USA 

Solenopsis papuana (Papuan thief ant)

Native: Pacific region

Invasive: in Hawaii and New Zealand but does not belong to the major pests

Solenopsis richteri (black imported fire ant)

Native: South America

Invasive: in the USA

Risk: damages crops, impedes recreational activities and can undermine roads and asphalt

Technomyrmex albipes (white-footed ant)

Native: Indo-Pacific

Invasive: Australia, Africa, North America, Asia usually indoor